Python vs Java
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Python is a language that encourages coding simplicity.
Java is verbose, and forces programmers to create larger code for a function, when compared to Python.
Java programs often run much faster than Python ones, however they also tend to consume more memory.
Java has several mature opensource GUI builders, more support for enterprise class application (see J2EE).
Java does not yet support lambda expressions, but they are scheduled for inclusion in Java 8. Lambda expressions are an integral part of Python.
Java has a C++-like syntax, but does not require separate header files for classes as C++. Python has an indentation-sensitive syntax and provides syntatic sugar like list comprehensions.
Java has built-in support for threading and synchronisation. Threads in python are limited by a single global lock where the 'C' implementation is called, and there is limited support for synchronisation.
 Language Type
Java is a statically typed language. More errors are caught at development time Python is a dynamically typed language. More errors occur at runtime