Lubuntu vs Xubuntu

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Xubuntu and Lubuntu are alternative distributions for Ubuntu, based on the XFCE and LXDE desktop environments respectively.

Both were designed to be "lightweight" distributions and can work on machines with just 256 MB of RAM. Performance on netbooks and relatively slow computers is good. Both desktop environments provide adequate tools for everyday use without having the user resort to manual editing of configuration files.

The more mature and feature-rich desktop systems typically provide more a comprehensive set of configuration tools, while consuming more memory and taking longer to start. Along these lines, XFCE is lighter than the Gnome Desktop Environment. LXDE is even lighter than XFCE, while further slimming down on features.

Newer versions tend to need more RAM: while Lubuntu 12.04 can handle 256 MB, it is recommended to have 384 MB when using 14.04 LTS [1]. Similarly, the 64-bit editions need more RAM than the 32-bit editions, so users with a 64-bit CPU and low RAM should either get more RAM or stick with the 32-bit edition.


Resource Lubuntu: LXDE [2] [3] [4] Xubuntu: XFCE [5]
Minimum RAM to run without desktop 50-60 MB 192 MB
Minimum RAM to run desktop 224 MB 512 MB
Recommended minimum RAM to run 384 MB 512 MB
RAM to install 160 MB 256 MB
RAM to install with Alternate CD (text mode) 64 MB 64 MB


XFCE recommends 512 MB of RAM for optimal performance and needs at least 256. The alternate install CD can make do with just 64 MB of RAM [6]. Lubuntu is even lighter than Xubuntu. Phoronix benchmarked LXDE, XFCE, Gnome & KDE and found that LXDE was the lightest of them all, followed by XFCE.[7] Linux magazine reviewed Lubuntu and found it using just half the RAM when compared to XFCE.[8]


XFCE seems to be stable since mid-2014, while LXDE is in active development and is being ported from GTK2 to Qt.