Lua vs Python
Both Python and Lua are scripting, imperative, and functional languages, however Python is reflective, and Lua is prototype-based.
Lua uses less memory and has faster interpreter and JIT compiler.
Lua C integration is cleaner.
Python has a larger standard library and a much larger ecosystem built around it.
Lua uses indexes that start at 1.
Python is named after a comedy show (Monthy Python), where Lua is named after the Moon (Lua means moon in Portuguese).